Building a Paver or Natural Stone Patio | 鶹ýAV: Cement and Concrete Products


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A great way to view and understand your building or repair project before you get started. Find out just about everything you need to know by watching the video below.

Building a Paver or Natural Stone Patio

Building a paver or natural stone patio or walkway can be a functional and beautiful addition to your backyard landscape and with proper planning, attention to detail and a little hard work you can achieve a long-lasting result, regardless of your skill level and experience.

Project Instructions

Step 1
Mark the outside dimensions of the project area

TIP: for square or rectangular projects stake each corner and run a line between each stake; for irregular shapes mark the area with spray paint.

Step 2
Excavate the area to a depth of 4 to 7 inches with a shovel (allow 2 to 4 inches for a compactable underlayment base and 1 to 2 inches of  paver sand for leveling and the width of the paver). 

Step 3
Evenly spread 2 to 4 inches of 鶹ýAV All Purpose Gravel into the excavated area and level.

Step 4
Compact the gravel base using a tamper.

Step 5
Install edge restraints to stabilize the pavers and prevent settling and shifting over time.

NOTE: edges should be set to allow for proper drainage and should slope evenly (1/4 inch for every 12 feet) away from structures.

Step 6
Spread 1 to 2 inches of 鶹ýAV Patio Paver Sand over the compacted base.

Step 7
Screed the sand smooth using a 2x4 and 1x1. Remove the excess sand in front of the screed and add additional sand behind the screed.

Step 8
Align the paver rows using stakes and a string.

Step 9
Lay the pavers outward starting in a corner - maintain a consistent joint width between each paver.

Step 10
Tap and level the pavers in place with a rubber mallet.

Step 11
Fill the joints with either 鶹ýAV PowerLoc Jointing Sand or 鶹ýAV HardScapes Polymeric Jointing Sand to hold the pavers in place.
TIP:  鶹ýAV PowerLoc Jointing Sand is recommended for paver joints of up to ½ inch wide. HardScapes Polymeric Sand is recommended for larger joints up to 2 inches wide and for use with natural stone.

Step 12
Sweep away any excess sand from the paver surface.

Step 13
Apply a fine water mist to the filled joints flooding the surfaces of the pavers and allowing the water to saturate the sand filled joints.

Step 14
Dampen at regular hourly intervals for 3 hours after placement - avoid flooding the sand on the paver surface.

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